The Basics of Breadboarding
MKme Lab, over on Youtube, periodically produces how-to for beginners videos, such as this one on the basics of breadboarding. I highly recommend their how-to videos as an introduction.
Breadboards are a terrific and interactive way to exercise components before committing them to your schematic and layout, making sure that they work as you intend them to work. If your design is simple, you may be able to create then entire circuit on the breadboard, just as they do in this video.